The following is a partial list of chair types, with internal or external cross-references about most of the chairs.
Aalto armchair 406, designed by Alvar Aalto in 1938; IKEA sells a similar design as the Poäng lounge chair
Adirondack chair, a non-adjustable wooden outdoor lounge chair
Aeron chair, an ergonomic trademarked chair
Air chair, a lightweight moulded chair design by Jasper Morrison
Armchair, has armrests for comfort; couches, sofas, etc.
Bachelor's chair, dates from the 18th century and converts into a stepstool, ladder or ironing board
Balans chair, designed by Norwegian furniture designer Peter Opsvik in 1979, is the original kneeling chair design
Ball Chair, designed by Finnish furniture designer Eero Aarnio in 1963
Bar stool, tall, narrow stool designed for seating at a bar or counter
Barcelona chair, proprietary chair designed in 1929 by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and widely copied since; characterized by leather upholstery, an angled seat and back without armrests, and X-shaped steel legs
Bardic chair, custom chair built every year for the winner of an Awdl poetry contest in Wales
Barrel chair, has a high round back like half a barrel; large and upholstered
Bath chair, light carriage on wheels with a folding hood, for outdoor transport, often used by invalids
Beach chair (Strandkorb), designed to provide comfort and protection from sun, wind, rain, and sand on beaches frequented by tourists
Bean bag, can be composed of various materials including faux leather, cord, cotton or leather; while in the 80s they were filled with foam chips, they now use polystyrene bead; new styles are always being developed - popular models today are bean bag chairs, sofas, poufs, teardrop, children's and even ones to suit a cat or dog
Bench, a simple, often backless device, typically for more than one person to sit on; often refers to a simple, longer table or similar longer flat surfaces to place things on or work on
Bergère, upholstered chair introduced in the Régence/Rococo period in France in the 17th century
Bikini chair, designed by architect Wendell Lovett in 1949 and first exhibited in 10th Triennale di Milano 1954; made of metal, molded plastic, and leather; featured in the magazine Domus February 1954 (#291)
Bofinger chair, first chair worldwide in fibreglass-reinforced polyester to be produced in one single process over a steel mould; considered a classic of modern furniture design history
Bosun's chair, a device used to suspend a person from a rope to perform work aloft
Breuer Chair, designed by Marcel Breuer; distinguished by a cantilevered design, steel tubular frame and caning
Brewster Chair, a style of upright, turned, wooden armchair made in the mid-17th century in New England named after Pilgrim and colonial leader William Brewster of Plymouth, Massachusetts
Bubble Chair, designed by Eero Aarnio in 1968 in Finland; a modernist classic
Bungee chair, any chair which incorporates bungee cords as a primary material
Butterfly chair (BKF chair) designed in 1938 by Bonet, Kurchan and Ferrari-Hardoy (Argentina); a light folding metal frame with a large cloth or leather sling hung from the frame's four high points
Campeche chair, a 19th-century Mexican lounge chair, popular in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the American South. It has X-shaped sides and a sling seat and back made of leather, cane or wood slats. Similar to a planter's chair, but without the extended arms.
Cantilever chair, has no back legs; for support its seat and back cantilever off the top of the front legs
Captain's chair, was originally a low-backed wooden armchair; today the term is often applied to adjustable individual seats in a car with arm rests
Caquetoire, also known as a conversation chair, used in the European Renaissance, was developed for women because it was wider so women's fashions at the time could fit into it; this is demonstrated by the "U" shaped arms
Car chair, a car seat in an automobile in which either the pilot or passenger sits, customarily in the forward direction. Many car chairs are adorned in leather or synthetic material designed for comfort or relief from the noted stress of being seated. Variants include a toddler's or infant's carseat, which are often placed atop an existing chair and secured by way of extant seat belts or other such securant articles.
Carver chair, similar to a Brewster chair and from the same region and period
Chaise a bureau, a Rococo style of chair, created during the first half of the 18th century, constructed so it could sit in a corner of a room (there is one leg directly in the back and one directly in the front, and then one leg on each side)
Chaise longue (French for "long chair"), a chair with a seat long enough to completely support its user's legs. In the U.S., it is often mistakenly referred to as a 'chaise lounge'. Similar, if not identical to, a day bed, fainting couch, or récamier.
Chesterfield chair, a low club-style chair with a fully buttoned or tufted interior, typically made of leather
Chiavari chair, designed in 1870 by Giuseppe Gaetano Descalzi of Chiavari in Italy. The chair is lightweight, has elegant lines, yet is strong, practical and easy to handle.
Club chair, a plush easy chair with a low back. The heavy sides form armrests that are usually as high as the back. The modern club chair is based upon the club chairs used by the popular and fashionable urban gentlemen's clubs of 1850s England.
Cogswell chair, a brand of upholstered easy chairs. It has a sloping back and curved and ornamental front legs. The armrests are open underneath.
Corner chair, made to fit into a corner and has a rectangular base with a high back on two adjacent sides; one sits with legs straddling a corner of the base (some sources[which?] claim this design was to accommodate a man wearing a sword)
Curule chair was a folding cross-framed seat that developed hieratic significance in Republican Rome. The shape of its legs was revived in the Empire style.
Dante chair, similar to the Savonarola chair with a more solid frame and a cushioned seat
Deckchair, a chair with a fabric or vinyl back and seat that folds flat by a scissors action round a transverse axis. The fabric extends from the sitter's feet to head. It may have an extended seat that is meant to be used as a leg rest and may have armrests. It was originally designed for passenger lounging while aboard ocean liners or ships.
Dentist chair, a deeply reclining chair to allow the dentist easy access to the patient's mouth. The reclining position adjusts as well as the overall height of the chair. Associated with the chair are usually a variety of dental equipment, often including a small tap and sink for the patient to rinse his or her mouth.
Dining chair, designed to be used at a dining table; typically, dining chairs are part of a dining set, where the chairs and table feature similar or complementary designs. The oldest known depiction of dining chairs is a seventh-century B.C bas-relief of an Assyrian king and queen on very high chairs.
Director's chair, a lightweight chair that folds side-to-side with a scissors action. The seat and back are made of canvas or a similar strong fabric which bears the user's full weight and can be folded; the frame is made of wood, or sometimes metal or plastic. The seat and scissors members work together to support and distribute the sitter's weight so that the seat is comfortably taut. The back is usually low and the chair usually has armrests. The stereotypical image of a movie director on location includes one of these chairs, hence the name. Victor Papanek describes this chair as an excellent design in his book Design for the Real World as it is simple and ideally suited to its function. The design goes back to coffer-makers' chairs of the 15th century and eventually to the Roman curule chair.
Easy chair, large, soft, and very comfortable; usually upholstered
Eames Lounge Chair, a trademark for molded plywood chairs, contoured to fit the shape of a person
Egg chair, designed by Arne Jacobsen and resembles an egg or womb
Electric chair, a device for capital punishment by electrocution; a high-backed chair with arms and restraints, usually made of oak
Elijah's chair, a chair set aside for the prophet Elijah at Jewish circumcision ceremonies
Emeco 1006, a durable aluminum chair original developed for the US Navy
Farthingale chair, an armless chair with a wide seat covered in usually high-quality fabric and fitted with a cushion. The backrest is an upholstered panel, with legs that are straight and rectangular. It was introduced as a chair for ladies in the late 16th century and was named in England, probably in the 19th century, for its ability to accommodate the exceptionally wide-hooped skirts fashionable of the time.
Fauteuil, an open-arm chair with considerable exposed wood, originating in 18th-century France
Fiddleback chair, a wooden chair of the Empire period, usually with an upholstered seat, in which the splat resembles a fiddle
Fighting chair is a chair on a boat used by anglers to catch large saltwater fish. The chair typically swivels and has a harness to keep the angler strapped in should the fish tug hard on the line.
Folding chair, collapses in some way for easy storage and transport. Various folding chairs have their own names (e.g., deckchair, director's chair), but a chair described simply as a folding chair folds a rigid frame and seat around a transverse axis so that the seat becomes parallel to the back and the frame collapses with a scissors action. Some further collapse the feet up to the back. Folding chairs may be designed to stack on top of each other when folded and may come with special trolleys to move stacks of folded chairs. Folding chairs are sometimes used in professional wrestling as weapons.
Folding seat, a fixed seat on a bus, a tram or a passenger car
Friendship bench, a special place in a school playground where a child can go when he or she wants someone to talk to
Gaming chair, legless, curved/L-shaped, generally upholstered, and sometimes contains built-in electronic devices like loudspeakers and vibration to enhance the video game experience; the five main types of gaming chairs are bean bags, rockers, pedestals, racers, and cockpits
Garden Egg chair, designed by Peter Ghyczy and a modernist classic
Glastonbury chair, a wooden chair with flat seat and sloping back
Glider (or platform rocker), offers the same motions as a rocking chair but without the dangers; a frame rests on the floor and the chair is supported by swing arms within the frame so that moving parts are less accessible
Hassock, an upholstered seat that is low to the ground and has no backrest
High chair, a children's chair to raise them to the height of adults for feeding. They typically come with a detachable tray so that the child can sit apart from the main table. Booster chairs raise the height of children on regular chairs so they can eat at the main dining table. Some high chairs are clamped directly to the table and thus are more portable.
Hanging Egg Chair, designed by Danish furniture designer Nanna Ditzel in 1957
Inflatable chair, usually children's toys made out of plastic; IKEA briefly marketed them as serious furniture upholstered in fabric; some are designed for use as floating lounge chairs in swimming pools.
Ironing chair, a lightly built folding chair usually with a metal frame and small padded seat and either a minimal padded back or a simple tubular loop back. The chair is usually used as a 'perch', a support for carrying out an activity - such as ironing - by people with disabilities or back problems, but they are also popular with anyone requiring a light supporting chair for extended periods, such as observing through a telescope.
Jack and Jill, similar to the Adirondack chair, but consists of two of them joined in the middle by a table
Jump seat, in an airplane
Kneeling chairs or knee-sit chairs, meant to support someone kneeling. This is purportedly better for the back than sitting all day. The main seat is sloped forward at the about 30 degrees so that the person would normally slide off, but there is a knee rest to keep the person in place.
Knotted chair, designed by Marcel Wanders in 1995 and distributed in the Droog design collection